Mahatma Gandhiji's autobiography.

Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography

The Mahatma Gandhiji's autobiography create biographies, but perhaps only for a short time. Who writes autobiographies? People who get the love of society due to some of their good deeds or who get infamous due to their bad deeds. Autobiographers often pick up the pen by reaching the pinnacle of their lives. Their controversial articles are published in newspapers, there is debate on TB etc. Then everything stops. Almost all such autobiographies are often found lying on the pavement after a brief scuffle. Such stories narrate the whole life of that person, yet often remain incomplete on the scales of truth.

Gandhiji's autobiography is different from this large pile of autobiographies, which, despite being completely incomplete, tells the truth. Its title is very strange: 'The Uses of Truth' or 'Autobiography'. While writing it, Gandhiji's emphasis was not on autobiography, so that word was put behind in the title. The description of 'use of truth' was the main one, so it was put forward. Close friends urged a lot when Gandhiji decided to write an autobiography. Started writing, but in his own words, 'Not even a single page of Foolscap was completed that the flame appeared in Bombay and the work I started was incomplete.'


Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.
Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.

This is in the year 1921. After that, Gandhiji started to work in new works one after the other. In between, he was arrested and kept in Yerwada Jail, Pune. Once again, the close comrades put their request even more vigorously. Then he also had a wide range of tasks in his hands in jail. After getting released from jail, the same attention was taken again. There was a demand that write autobiography quickly and then it should be printed in book form even more quickly, but where did Gandhiji have time?

It was said about him that the person was the master of his time, but the slave of his watch! Seeing the needles of the clock, they used to do the work, absolutely punctual. In his hut he would meet everyday people from ordinary people to high-ranking leaders, writing countless letters and notes every day. If one hand got tired while writing, then I had practiced writing with the other hand also. Then he did not have to become an author by writing autobiography.


Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.
Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.

This was the same period when he was working day and night to prepare the country for a new role. He also had his own newspaper to spread his message to everyone. For this, they had to write something every week even after their busy days. Gandhiji resolved, "Then why not write an autobiography." In this way, this bizarre story was originally published in Gujarati from November 29, 1925 to February 3, 1929 in 'Navjivan' newspaper in weekly installments. Then the English translation of the same was printed in the issue of 'Young India' from 3 December 1925 to 7 February 1929 respectively.


For several mixed reasons, the first volume of translation in Hindi was first printed in book form in 1929 from Sasta Sahitya Mandal, Delhi and then several versions came out of it. But the Navjivan Trust Hindi edition, which was the copyright of all the works of Gandhiji, was first printed in 1957 itself. Since then many versions of it have been released.

Today in these three languages, some 14,56,000 copies of this book have reached the readers. Add other Indian languages, 4 lakh 45 thousand in Malayalam, about 1 lakh in Tamil, 1 lakh 20 thousand in Kannada, above 1 lakh in Marathi, 85 thousand in Telugu, 34 thousand in Oriya, 15 thousand in Assamese, in Bangla Our country has printed 10,000 copies and 11 thousand copies in Urdu. It is also printed in Punjabi and Sanskrit, but it is not known how many copies were printed in these languages. In Pakistan also its Urdu version has been published by the publishers there.

Apart from Indian languages, this strange use of truth has been translated into many languages ​​of the world. So much so that it is difficult to gather fresh information from all of this. It appeared here in English and also outside the country. Then it was well received in Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian, German, Polish, Swiss, Turkish language as well as Arabic. Chinese and Japanese, Nepali and Tibetan language versions are also available. It has been translated into some languages, whose names we often hear, such as Sarbokrot!


Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.

Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.

From 1927 till now, in such languages, is this autobiography continuously reaching the hands of readers? To be honest, the story of Gandhiji runs in this thread just like a thread. The main is his 'use of truth' threaded in that thread. In Gandhiji's own words, 'Where do I have to write an autobiography? I have to write a story about the many experiments of truth that I have done on the pretext of autobiography. That is why the reader will not be able to get any description about Gandhi's entire life, tight politics, his other heroes, villains. He goes on to describe the experiments which he has called spiritual experiment in addition to truth.


Explaining the reason for this, he says, "My experiments in the field of politics now (while writing an autobiography) are also known by India, not only here, but in a small amount of civilized world." In this autobiography, during the era of British Raj, Congress, Hindu-Muslims or South Africa, there will be no poison even against the rulers of the same place.


Mahatma gandhi jayanti


In the autobiography, Gandhi's description of various conflicts, Satyagrahas, comes in many places, but he writes, 'The struggle in Satyagraha is not perceived between individuals or parties, between truth and untruth, right and wrong. On such occasions, do not grasp the truth of your part, capture the whole truth properly and hold it and apply the lie to defeat the untruth.Many people enjoy Mahatma Gandhi's birthday across India. 

Events include: prayer meetings, memorial ceremonies and tributes at places throughout India.

Exhibitions of art and contests for essays.

The presentation of prizes for non-violent lifestyle initiatives.

The presentation of movies and book lectures about the life and accomplishments of Mahatma Gandhi. 


Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.

Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.

Many individuals sing Gandhi's favourite devotional Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram. On many Mahatma Gandhi statues in India bunches of flowers or flower girls are put. Also on October 2 some individuals avoid eating meat or alcohol.So that's why the reason we celebrate the Mahatama gandhi jayanti.


Contribute to freedom


Gandhi's contribution to the independence of the country is not hidden from anyone. He forced the British rule on the path of non-violence and truth to respect India's autonomy and give it independence. He not only played an important role in the independence of India, but he became a source of inspiration in many countries. In 4 continents and 14 countries, he inspired people for civil rights movements. In India, they attacked the British rule by agitations like civil disobedience against the British. He became the voice of the independence of the country and worked to unite the country in a thread. The scope of Gandhiji's work was not limited to the freedom movements alone. He worked on every aspect of building a great society and country.

Bapu assessed the future and understood the situations in a broader context. Until his last breath, he was dedicated to his values.Even in the 21st century, the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi are as relevant as they were in his time and he can solve many such problems, which the world is facing today. In a world where terrorism, fundamentalism, extremism and thoughtless hatred are dividing countries and communities, Mahatma Gandhi's clear call for peace and non-violence has the power to unite humanity.

Gandhiji's message on natural resources


He advised to follow both restraint and compassion while using natural resources and by following them himself provided leadership by example. He cleaned his own toilet and ensured the cleanliness of the surrounding environment. He ensured that the water was wasted to a minimum and in Ahmedabad, he took special care that contaminated water was not found in the waters of Sabarmati.

Creative program


In 1941, Bapu wrote an article called 'Creative Program: Its Meaning and Place', in which he also made changes in 1945 when there was a new enthusiasm for the freedom movement. In that document, Bapu discussed various topics including rural development, empowerment of agriculture, promotion of cleanliness, promotion of Khadi, empowerment of women and economic equality.


Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.
Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.

One of the most beautiful dimensions of Gandhiji's personality was that he made every Indian feel that they were working for the freedom of India. He had instilled a sense of self-confidence in a teacher, lawyer, doctor, farmer, laborer, entrepreneur, all of whom are contributing to India's freedom struggle by whatever they are doing.

Thank you for reading the Mahatma Gandhiji's  autobiography.

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