21 Interesting Facts about India.

Interesting Facts about India 


India is the second most populous and the seventh largest country in the world, officially the Republic of India. It has 29 states and is a country in South Asia. New Delhi is the state of the capital of the country. In India there are 22 officially recognized languages, the most widely used being Hindi. The Indian currency is called the Indian Rupee. There are 6 borders with Pakistan, China, Nepal, Bhoutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar. 

21 Interesting Facts about India. 


India is an enormous country and one of the world's leading developing countries. It has a wide range of languages, customs, traditions and much more. We can talk about India with so many interesting facts. Let us learn more about this lovely country that has a diverse history and culture. 

21 Interesting Facts about India 

1.The name ' India' comes from the Indus River. It is a valley that people used to settle about in the past. 


21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India



2.India has over 1,55,015 postal agencies, the largest postal network in the world. An average of 7,175 people is served by a single postal office. Dal Lake, Srinagar's floating postal office was opened in August 2011. 

21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India

3.India is the second largest group of engineers and scientists. 

21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India


4.The Kumbh Mela 2011 was the biggest group of over 75 million pilgrims. The rally was so big that the crowd could be seen from space. 

21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India


5.India is the second largest country in the world to speak English–125,226,449 English speakers in number. 

6.India has the largest population of Hindu people in the world. Almost 81 percent of its population is Hindu. India is one of the three countries in the world where Hinduism is majority (other are Nepal and Mauritius). 

7.The world record was recorded as 485 children gathered and walked through Kolkata in the Mahatma Gandhi dress. The walk was a demonstration in the country and world to achieve peace. 

21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India


8.Vijay Kumar V.A. has 37 teeth in his mouth. Most teeth in the world come from India and India is the world's biggest dairy producer, with 16% of global output, followed by the USA, China, Pakistan and Brazil. 

9.Bandra Worli Sealink has steel wires that are equal to the surrounding earth. The total work required was 2,57,00,000 hours and the weight also amounts to 50,000 African elephants. A real architectural and engineering wonder. 

21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India

10.At 2444 meters above sea level, Himachal Pradesh, Chail Cricket Ground is the world's highest cricket ground. It was built in 1893 and belongs to the Military School of Chail. 

11.In India more than 4700 newspapers are manufactured in more than 300 languages. 

12.India is the world's leading country with the most films. 

13.In India –Khari Baoli, New Delhi–the largest wholesale spice market in Asia. 

14.With 4,865,000 km of roads constructed, India is the second largest road network in the world.

15.India is home to 39 women, 94 children and 33 children from the world's largest family. The family lives in a 4-story house in the hills of the village of Baktwang in Mizoram, India. 

21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India


16.Software is purchased from India in 90 countries worldwide. 


21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India


17.The shampoo is an Indian concept Shampoo, not commercial liquids but herbs, was invented in India. The word shampoo itself has come from the Sanskrit word champu, meaning massage. 

21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India


18.The Indian National Team Kabaddi won all the Indian World Cups, won all 5 Kabaddi Men's World Cups held so far and were undefeated at these tournaments. All Kabaddi World Cups held until today were also won by the Indian women's team. 

21 Interesting Facts about India


19.In September 2009, Indian ISRO Chandrayaan-1 detected for the first time water on the moon using its Moon Mineralogy Mapper. 

21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India


20.The first rocket in India has been moved by cycle The first rocket was so small and light that it was bicycled to Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala. 


21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India


21.In the beginning, diamonds were found only in the Guntur River and the Krishna Delta district alluvial depots. Diamants were first mined in India. Until the 18th century, diamonds were found in Brazil, India was the world's leading producer of diamonds. 

21 Interesting Facts about India
21 Interesting Facts about India

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21 Interesting Facts about India

Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.

Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p 


Over the recent days, film circles in the Telugu industry have been overwhelmed by the likely delay in Saaho launch. Initials planned to perform the magnum opus directed by Sujeeth, featuring Prabhas and Shraddha Kapoor on 15th August. The post-production work is still being done, however, with visual effects for the action entertainer.The creation of the Saaho published the whole video track on Monday, after teasing supporters with 30 seconds from "Psycho Saiyaan" showing Prabhas and Shraddha Kapoor shaking a beer. The album is composed of a peppery melody, performed by Anirudh Ravichander, Dhvani Bhanushali and Tanishk Bagchi, and Prabhas and Shraddha Kapoor. Tanishk Bagchi has written the lyrics for the album, in addition to dancing.

Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.
Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.

Two other film studios announced earlier this week that on August 15, they will launch their initiatives, fueling the conversation by a possible Saaho team delay. Adivi Sesh and Regina Casandra have announced Evaru, directed by Venkat Ramji. It will be released on Independence Day. It is anticipated that this movie will be an fascinating, seat-like thriller against the Indian military background. The fray is joined by Ranarangam, the gangster drama of Sudheer Varma in the' 90s, with Sharwanand, Kajal Aggarwal and Kalyani Priyadarshan in particular.

Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.
Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.

On Friday evening Team Saaho broke his silence, confirming that their movie was now coming on 30 August. Saaho started shooting in 2017 and engaged several sequences of action. "We want to deliver the utmost in our crowd," said a speaker in a declaration. We need a little more time to bring finesse to the action sequences. We shift the deadline from the Day of Independence to the month of Independence and patriotism.

Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.
Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.

Lying in a pub, Shraddha Kapoor, together with Prabhas, showed her dance movements. The Saaho teaser was published last month, and Prabhas appears to have a powerful output. The teaser has Prabhas chased and gunned down the suspects and jumped out of the houses.The film also marks the debut in Tollywood of Shraddha Kapoor. In the presence of V. Vamsi Krishna Reddy and Pramod Uppalapati, the actor is playing an significant part together with Prabhas. Saaho, directed by Sujeeth, is bankrolled in a budget of rs 300. The movie star cast also involves Neil Nitin Mukesh, Lal, Mandira Bedi, Jackie Shroff, Vennela Kishore,  and Chunky Pandey in help of the film's duties.

Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.
Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.

The film starring also include Jackie Shroff, Mandira Bedi, Mahesh Manjrekar, Arun Vijay and Murali Sharma, and Neil Nitin Mukesh. Saaho has Ghibran music in the background and Madhie animation edited by Sreekar Prasad and produced by Sabu Cyril.On 15 August, Saaho's releases will take place in Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam and Hindi. The release schedule had originally been confused, as the creators wished to prevent a collision with Sye Raa from Chiranjeevi. Before it was claimed to be a discharge from Sankranthi, but it was deferred. The movie is certainly one of the most anticipated launches this year since the amazing achievement of the Baahubali series has made Prabhas' first movie. The teaser is available here.



On YouTube this teaser is filled with heavy-duty action sequences with enormous cars, helicopters, explosions, shootouts and hand-to-hand combat scenes. We get to see the scenes performed by Mahesh Manjrekar and Murli Kumar Jackie Shroff and Neil Nitin Mukesh. On August 30, Saaho will go to Telugu, Tamil, Hindi and Malayalam.

Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.


Role of saaho in film Festival 2019

Chennai International Queer Film Festival 2019 (CIQFF) is scheduled to commence its seventh Reel Demands on Friday 2 August. In relation to a panel debate on LGBTQA+ freedoms following NALSA judgments and on Johar's Supreme Court, this three-day showcase will showcase 26 movies from 12 nations. The festival will also include the opening by Raahi, a Bengaluru-based band of sex and sexual minorities of the multicultural show Freedom Fatima.

This is the first such festival in Hyderabad since the 2018 judgment to decriminalize Section 377 of the Indian penal code is a judicial decision of the Supreme Court. The 2019 CIQFF, which co-operateswith Nirangal, Chennai Queer Café (CQC), SAATHII, and the East-West Counseling and Training Centre, will be organized by Orinam and Goethe-Institut.

Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.
Download the Saaho (2019) movie in HD/720p/1080p in hindi,tamil.

The celebration starts out with a homage to late Dr Shankar Ganesan, a community organizer and also educated at Chennai's Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT). "For over 10 years, he has volunteered with the society and since its start, has been at the film festival. He survived bullying as a school and a university student and has helped a number of young individuals impacted by intimidation as a licensed social worker. He is an exceptional individual and over the years has become a part of our volunteer squad. He's been tragically lost, "tells L Ramakrishnan of the SAATHII NGO, a member of the Curating Team of the film festival. On 24 July, Professor Ganesan died in Chennai, aged 50, a series of over 120 submissions begun since April of this year has been chosen. "The social media we have published online. There were 25 to 30 Indian films. I believe that reading Section 377 probably inspired some cinematic interest, but it isn't before. This year we see more movies produced in India, most of which have been filmed over the last 4-5 months, "he shares.

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Difference between real mode and protected mode.

Difference between real mode and protected mode.


The 80286 mode called the protected mode in the x86 architecture. Protected mode was different to the initial mode of 8086 which was constantly referred to as "Real Mode" in order to avoid illegal writes of programs placed in memory from being physically isolated by the processor itself. Multiple programs could run simultaneously in the memory before protected mode, but any program could reach any memory region and thus, for instance, bring down the entire system if malicious or errant.

Difference between real mode and protected mode.
Difference between real mode and protected mode.

In real mode programming, information were handled between 0 and 1 MB.  And while there weren't usually many programs operating simultaneously in memory, the OS had to establish the stuff called "interrupt handlers" because the x86 architecture is guided interruptly.

Interrupting oriented architectures means that programs run sequentially, but are interrupted occasionally to manage external applications. The processor is informed by a external device called an APIC in the chipset that an external interrupt is pending. The processor then branches to the suitable interrupt handler when the current instruction is completed. The keyboard interrupt handler would include reading the keyboard's physical code and then using some logic to determine what sort of keyboard is in use and what the keystroke symbol is.There are many more interrupts that can also happen externally. The disputes between many elderly PC users are IRQ. An IRQ is an "interrupt request" and any individual interrupt request has its own IRQ to signal the suitable handler. You would not like a keyboard handler or Vice-vera to process the time interrupt. It wouldn't operate and the system would not operate.

In the 80286, protected mode has been implemented, which can be isolated by enabling the OS to dictate where each application should operate. While the design of the 80286 expanded the initial 8086 memory by adding fresh parts for each memory command block the initial 8086 memory was still a 16-bit processor. I will now migrate to the future generation of the design 80386 and its 32-bit capabilities to describe the complete implications of protected mode programming.


What is real mode


Real mode is an operational mode that allows newer Intel 286 processors to acquire the characteristics of the reduced 8086 or 8088 processors, enabling them to operate older programs. Real mode provides a higher clock speed, but only restricts the processor to a 16-bit and a minimum of 1 mb RAM  instructions.

Difference between real mode and protected mode.
8086 chip- Difference between real mode and protected mode.


The real mode is based on intel processors 8086 & 8088.

The original IBM computers contained 8088 processors that could use 16 bit internal registration to execute 16 bit instructions with 1 mb using 20 address lines.

The Intel 80286 and subsequent processors support an execution mode. The Intel 8088 and 8086 microprocessors are imitated in real mode although they operate at a faster speed. The other accessible mode is known as protected mode.In virtual mode, these microprocessors can run several real-mode programs at once. 80386 and later microprocessors support a third-mode called virtual 8086 mode.

The real mode is called the 16-bit instruction mode for 8088 processors.

All software must use only 16 bit instruction and operate in 20 bit memory architecture in real mode.

In real mode there is no multitasking,no protection  to keep one program from overwriting another program.

The real mode is used by DOS  and its applications.

What is protected mode


The protected mode is a 32-bit operating mode that is identified on Intel 80286 or later on.This mode allows the termination of a failed program without restarting the computer or running programs. It offers access to addressing by virtual memory, expanded memory, and multiple tasks while it protecting programs against memory overwriting. 


Protected mode is an Intel 80286-compatible Intel operating mode. It allows operating system to use functionalities like virtual memory, paging, and  multi-tasking. It is also intended to improve the control of the Operating system over software applications.

Difference between real mode and protected mode.
80286 chip - Difference between real mode and protected mode.

Protected mode is a programming mode in an Intel-based computer where the program is limited to addressing an adjacent 640-kilobyte contiguous field. The original Intel PC microprocessor 8088 provided a random access memory (RAM) with an 1 megabyte. For the basic input / output system data, signals from your display and other system information the memory was divided into several areas.

In the beginning of 1982, Intel's x86 architecture utilized protected mode. It then became a basic basis for all additional Intel x86 architectures. The original releases did not allow a real mode switch or enable the protected mode. An option was provided, however, to save RAM stack pointers, registers and masks via a keyboard controller. After the advent of the 386 processor, the protected mode could easily be turned into enables eliminating complex steps involved in the 286 architecture, which have no internal exit mechanism in the protected mode.

Difference between real mode and protected mode.

80286 chip -Difference between real mode and protected mode.


The memory was divided into several area for bios signal for display and other system information.All operating system code and application program run in protected mode to ensure that data is not over written.

The protected mode support virtual memory concepts in which allows the system to use the hard disk to emulate additional system memory when needed.

Conclusion

The architecture of protected mode presents many protection elements, which really isolate one from the memory of other operating programs. If another program is attempting the memory region the OS didn't specifically allocate to that region, then an error or failure will be reported, which the OS intercepts and then handles.

It is worth noting that the precise same real mode is accessible on current systems 80386 and later, instead of the initial 16-bit system, within a 32-bit framework.  It is a secondary effect of the lazy selector processing that is carried out within a CPU once it returns to real mode from protected mode.

The protected mode design of 80386 also allows a true 32-bit machine to run in the protected mode version of the unreal mode. This type of setup is seldom discovered typically in custom Linux installations and the like. In fact, the CPUs produced today are so much quicker than the operating systems such as Linux and Windows do. Paging alone presents a great slowdown, which I have experienced almost 2 times the slowdown of a non-paged scheme.


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Difference between real mode and protected mode.

What is protected mode

What is protected mode


The protected mode is a 32-bit operating mode that is identified on Intel 80286 or later on.This mode allows the termination of a failed program without restarting the computer or running programs. It offers access to addressing by virtual memory, expanded memory, and multiple tasks while it protecting programs against memory overwriting. 

Protected mode is an Intel 80286-compatible Intel operating mode. It allows operating system to use functionalities like virtual memory, paging, and  multi-tasking. It is also intended to improve the control of the Operating system over software applications.

What is protected mode
80286 chip - What is protected mode

Protected mode is a programming mode in an Intel-based computer where the program is limited to addressing an adjacent 640-kilobyte contiguous field. The original Intel PC microprocessor 8088 provided a random access memory (RAM) with an 1 megabyte. For the basic input / output system data, signals from your display and other system information the memory was divided into several areas.

In the beginning of 1982, Intel's x86 architecture utilized protected mode. It then became a basic basis for all additional Intel x86 architectures. The original releases did not allow a real mode switch or enable the protected mode. An option was provided, however, to save RAM stack pointers, registers and masks via a keyboard controller. After the advent of the 386 processor, the protected mode could easily be turned into enables eliminating complex steps involved in the 286 architecture, which have no internal exit mechanism in the protected mode.

What is protected mode

80286 chip - What is protected mode


The memory was divided into several area for bios signal for display and other system information.All operating system code and application program run in protected mode to ensure that data is not over written.

The protected mode support virtual memory concepts in which allows the system to use the hard disk to emulate additional system memory when needed.


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What is real mode?

What is real mode


Real mode is an operational mode that allows newer Intel 286 processors to acquire the characteristics of the reduced 8086 or 8088 processors, enabling them to operate older programs. Real mode provides a higher clock speed, but only restricts the processor to a 16-bit and a minimum of 1 mb RAM  instructions.

What is real mode
8086- What is real mode


The real mode is based on intel processors 8086 & 8088.

The original IBM computers contained 8088 processors that could use 16 bit internal registration to execute 16 bit instructions with 1 mb using 20 address lines.

The Intel 80286 and subsequent processors support an execution mode. The Intel 8088 and 8086 microprocessors are imitated in real mode although they operate at a faster speed. The other accessible mode is known as protected mode.In virtual mode, these microprocessors can run several real-mode programs at once. 80386 and later microprocessors support a third-mode called virtual 8086 mode.

The real mode is called the 16-bit instruction mode for 8088 processors.

All software must use only 16 bit instruction and operate in 20 bit memory architecture in real mode.

In real mode there is no multitasking,no protection  to keep one program from overwriting another program.

The real mode is used by DOS  and its applications.


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What is real mode?




RISC vs CISC / What is RISC and CISC Architecture?

What is RISC (Reduced instruction set computers) architechture.


RISC is a kind of microprocessor designed for the simultaneous execution of few instructions.  It can be done in less time as instructions are few. The use of fewer transistors which reduces its costs, is another benefit.

RISC technology is a central processing unit development approach based on the understanding that fundamental instruction set provides a high efficiency when coupled with a microprocessor architecture that is able to execute commands through the use of certain microprocessor cycles.

RISC instructions typically have less than 100 instructions and use 32 bits of fixed instructions. There are few easy methods of addressing. Register instructions are used which implies that the register is used for operations. LOAD / STORE are the only separate memory access instructions.

The instruction set in a RISC machine includes fundamental easy instructions that can compose more complicated instructions. Every intructions is identical in duration to be picked up in a single operation. Most of the instructions are in one cycle, allowing the processor to manage several commands simultaneously. This pipeline is a main technology for accelerating RISC machines.

RISC vs CISC / What is RISC and CISC Architecture?

What is CISC(Complex instruction set computers ) architechture


The set of CISC instructions includes approximately 120 to 350 instructions. It utilizes variable and data formats but a limited set of registries for particular purposes. The  large instruction sets is used because instructions are used in variable format. Many of the operations performed by a large number of memory reference modes are carried out.

Intel has developed the CISC. The CISC based computer will have shorter machine language programs.At the stage of assembly language, CISC provides a big amount of complicated orders. Memory was slow and costly during the early years, and programming was accomplished in assembly language. Because memory was slow, and commands could be recovered from a local ROM up to 10 times quicker than the primary memory, programmers attempted to include as much directions as feasible in a microcode.

A CISC is a computer where single instructions can execute countless low-level activities such as memory load, arithmetic operation, and memory store, or are performed in single instructions through multi-step procedures or addressing mode, as its name suggests "Complex Instruction Set."

It has a enormous amount of orders for compounding, which requires a long time to execute. Here, in several stages, a full range of orders is secured; each batch of orders has a further 300 distinct directions. Up to two to ten machine cycles complete the maximum directions. It is not easy to implement instruction pipelining at CISC.


Difference between RISC and CISC architechture


RISC has the design of divided information and instruction cache. In contrast, CISC utilizes a unified information cache, but recent designs also use divided caches.

In RISC with separate LOAD and STORE instructions, register-to-register memory mechanism is used. Alternatively, CISC utilizes memoryto memory for activities and combines LOAD and STORE directions.

The majority of the RISC CPU control is hardwired without the need of a control memory. Alternatively CISC is micro-coded and uses control memory , but also hardwired control is used in this time.

In RISC the size of the commands is low, and in the CISC the range of the commands is large.

A single clock and finite address mode is employed by RISC. Aternatively CISC utilizes 12 to 24 addressing modes.

RISC vs CISC


S.NO
RISC
CISC
1.
 RISC is known as Reduced Instruction Set Computer.
CISC known as Complex Instruction Set Computer.
2.
RISC processors takes simple instructions  about one clock cycle. 
CSIC processor takes complex instructions that  multiple clocks for execution
3.
 In RISC more focus on software.
In CISC more focus on hardware.
4.
 RISC has no memory unit 
CISC has memory unit.
5.
It is highly pipelined.
It is not pipelined or less pipelined.
6.
The Execution time of RISC is very less.
Execution time of CISC is very high.
7.
In RISC Code expansion can be a problem.
In CISC Code expansion is not a problem.
8.
In RISC Multiple register sets are present.
In CISC Only one  register set is present.
9.
RISC supports complex addressing modes by using software.
CISC  supports complex addressing modes.
10.
In RISC the Decoding of instructions is simple.
In CISC the Decoding of instructions is complex.
11.
RISC architecture is used applications such as video processing, telecommunications and image processing.
CISC architecture is used applications such as security systems, home automation, etc.






















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RISC vs CISC / What is RISC and CISC Architecture?